Oncology encompasses several areas of interest: prevention, diagnosis, active medical treatment, as well as support therapy and palliative care. The cancer patient is thoroughly monitored, through a multi-disciplinary assessment aimed at achieving the best diagnostic/therapeutic process and the best management of the individual. In-patients are also offered a nutrition and physiotherapy assessment; as well as a psycho-oncology support service (also targeted at relatives) in order to improve their quality of life as much as possible.
With regard to systemic cancer treatments, they can be administered as an out-patient, in Day Hospital or as an in-patient. These include traditional chemotherapy and hormone therapy (both with traditional and new generation hormonal agents), administered intravenously and/or orally, as well as innovative therapeutic tools. For a number of years, new treatment strategies have been developed and implemented, capable of personalising the treatment pathway of each patient even more.
- Molecular targeted therapy : identification of specific proteins present in the cancer cells makes it possible to use them as a therapeutic target (to date, widely used in colon, breast, kidney, lung, stomach, neuroendocrine cancer; GISTs; melanoma)
- Immunotherapy: aims to destroy cancer cells by allowing our immune defences to recognise them from our immune system defences, because they can attack them exactly how they do with viruses. Immunological treatment has and is revolutionising the fight against cancer, with unprecedented results from other types of therapy with acceptable and manageable side effects.
Increasing attention is also being placed on support therapy, to improve the quality of life of the patient and their relatives as much as possible, by looking at the person as a whole , and supporting them together with their family. The aim is to take care of the patient and all their needs, from pain management to nutritional support, with the option of 24-hour care through a specialist in-patient facility that can provide temporary accommodation.
The therapeutic process is therefore monitored in its entirety, from diagnosis to administration of medication, from management of side effects to end of life, seeking to support the patient in all their needs and expectations, both physical and psychological. The patient is placed at the centre of every activity and plays an active part in the entire treatment pathway.