The reasons why these examinations may be requested are:

  • Assessment of the cardiovascular risk in subjects with low or high risk for ischemic heart disease (primary prevention)
  • Evaluation of the possibility to start to perform aerobic exercise in sedentary people
  • Assessment of the efficacy of the ongoing therapy and severe modulation of risk factors in patients with previous myocardial infarction, coronary angioplasty or cardiac surgery (secondary prevention)
  • Myocardial viability evaluation in patients with previous myocardial infarction
  • Contractile reserve evaluation in subjects with left ventricular dysfunction due to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy or valvular disease
  • Valve function and pulmonary systolic pressure evaluation during exercise by being able to perform an evaluation with a Doppler of transvalvular gradients and pulmonary pressures, particularly useful in some diseases, such as mitral valvular disease and secondary pulmonary hypertension
  • History of syncope or palpitations
  • History of dyspnea (difficulty in breathing at rest or during effort)
  • Assessment of cardiovascular risk in patients who have to undergo non-cardiac surgery.

Kinds of examinations that can be carried out:

  • Electrocardiogram
  • Rest ECG
  • Rest Echocardiogram Color Doppler 2D and Tissue Doppler Imaging
  • Echocardiogram with contrast (to search the presence of Patent Foramen Ovale)
  • Stress exercise echocardiogram (with semi-supine cycloergometer)
  • Stress pharmacological echocardiography (Dipyridamole and Dobutamine)
  • Electrocardiogram Holter Monitoring
  • Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
  • Study and treatment of arterial hypertension

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