On this page you will find a short guide to preparing for diagnostic examinations.

The sole purpose of the contents in this section is to provide general information and these should not be considered as a replacement for medical instructions provided by the relevant Specialist.

If the diagnostic examination prescribed is not given below, please contact our Secretary: Tel. +39 050 586130.

MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING

Arrive at least 15 minutes prior to the examination and bring:

  • previous examinations relating to the diagnosis (MRI, CT SCAN, X-RAY, ULTRASOUND, etc.)
  • clinical report by the referring doctor and health records relating to the diagnosis, including recent lab tests.

For EXAMINATIONS WITH CONTRAST MEDIUM (CM) it is necessary:

  • to provide creatinine laboratory test results
  • to fast for at least 6 hours prior to examination

WARNING. In the event of previous allergic reaction to contrast medium or significant allergic diathesis contact your Primary Care Physician for anti-allergy preparation.

For LOWER ABDOMEN OR COMPLETE MRI examinations it is necessary:

  • to perform an enema at 6:00 AM for the examination to be performed in the morning
  • to perform an enema mid-morning if the examination is scheduled for the afternoon

ABSOLUTE CONTRAINDICATIONS TO THE EXAMINATION

  • patients with “pacemakers”
  • patients with vascular ferromagnetic clips
  • patients with ferromagnetic intravascular devices (filters, stents, coils, etc.) within six weeks of implantation
  • patients with intracorporeal devices with electromagnetic activation such as: neurotransmitters, infusion pumps, etc.
  • patients with fixed cochlear implants

POTENTIAL CONTRAINDICATIONS TO THE EXAMINATION

The Radiology Specialist will assess the feasibility of the examination.

  • patients with orthopaedic implants
  • patients with metallic foreign bodies (shrapnel, bullets, etc.)
  • patients with ventricular – peritoneal shunts with metal components
  • patients with spinal distractors
  • patients with heart valve implants (documentation needed from manufacturer or surgeon)
  • Pregnancy in first trimester

COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY

Arrive at least 15 minutes prior to the examination and bring:

  • previous examinations relating to the diagnosis
  • (MRI, CT SCAN, X-RAY, ULTRASOUND, etc.)
  • clinical report by referring doctor and health records relating to the diagnosis, including recent lab tests.

For EXAMINATIONS WITH CONTRAST MEDIUM (CM) it is necessary:

  • to provide creatinine laboratory test results
  • to fast for at least 6 hours prior to examination

WARNING. In the event of previous allergic reaction to contrast medium or significant allergic diathesis contact your Primary Care Physician for anti-allergic preparation.

For the Virtual Colonoscopy examination, specification information regarding preparation will be provided by the Secretarial staff at the time of booking.

ABSOLUTE CONTRAINDICATIONS TO CT SCAN

Confirmed or suspected pregnancy.

DIGITAL X-RAY

For examinations with contrast medium, in relation to the different types, specific information regarding preparation will be provided by the Secretarial staff at the time of booking.

ABSOLUTE CONTRAINDICATIONS TO X-RAY EXAMS

Confirmed or suspected pregnancy.

ULTRASOUND

ULTRASOUND OF THE UPPER ABDOMEN

Arrive:

  • for MORNING EXAMINATIONS having fasted from the previous evening
  • for AFTERNOON or EVENING EXAMINATIONS having fasted for at least 6 hours (fat-free light meal; foods such as tea, zwieback, jam, poached fish, boiled potatoes, etc. are recommended)

Avoid in any case where possible fruit, vegetables and soft drinks in the two days prior to the examination.

ULTRASOUND OF LOWER ABDOMEN / PELVIS

Arrive with bladder half full: drink around half a litre of water one hour before the examination.
Fasting is not necessary.

COMPLETE ABDOMINAL ULTRASOUND

Arrive:

  • for MORINING EXAMINATIONS having fasted from the evening before
  • for AFTERNOON or EVENING EXAMINATIONS having fasted for at least 6 hours (fat-free light meal; foods such as tea, zwieback, jam, poached fish, boiled potatoes, etc. are recommended)
  • avoid in any case where possible fruit, vegetables and soft drinks in the two days prior to the examination
  • with bladder half full: drink half a litre of water one hour before the examination.

TRANSRECTAL PROSTATE ULTRASOUND

Arrive:

  • with bladder half full: drink around half a litre of water one hour before the examination
  • enema two hours before the examination

Fasting is not necessary.

TRANSVAGINAL ULTRASOUND

Arrive with bladder half full: drink around half a litre of water before the examination.

ULTRASOUND WITH SECOND GENERATION CONSTRAST MEDIUM (CM) (SonoVue)

No preparation is necessary.